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Introduction to Parliament and Government

Australia has three levels of Government:  local, state and federal. This kit deals with the Queensland State level. The Queensland Parliament is Australia’s only State unicameral (single House) Parliament, having abolished its Upper House (the Legislative Council) in 1922.

Our system of democracy consists of three institutions: the Parliament, the Executive and the Judiciary. These three institutions are not totally separate: members of the Executive are also Members of the Parliament. Although members of the Judiciary (judges) are appointed by the Executive, they are separate from the other two institutions in personnel and function.

The Queensland Parliament has 89 members. The party with the majority of members forms the Government, led by the Premier. The Premier appoints Ministers who are responsible for Government departments. The Opposition is the second largest political party or coalition of parties. It has a formal status and its role is to scrutinise the policies and administration of the Government and offer alternatives to the electorate. The Leader of the Opposition chairs Shadow Cabinet, which consists of Opposition Members who are the spokespersons for the Opposition in the portfolios covered by Government Ministers, eg. Minister for Health (Government) and Shadow Minister for Health (Opposition).

The Queensland Parliament has the following functions:
• To represent the people of Queensland (the representative function)
• To make the State Government accountable to the people (the scrutiny function)
• To make laws (the legislative function)
• To grant supply (to bring down and pass the Budget)
• To provide a forum for debate
• To form the Government

Thumbnail - Work Sheet Separation of Powers

Separation of Power in Queensland - work sheet

Suitable for: Secondary

Thumbnail - Booklet Abolition of the Legislative Council

Abolition of the Legislative Council - booklet

Suitable for: All levels

Thumbnail - Work Sheet Quiz Time

Quiz Time - work sheet

Suitable for: All levels

Thumbnail - Key Terms

Key Parliamentary Terms

Suitable for: All levels

Thumbnail - Work Sheet

The Functions of the Parliament in Action - work sheet

Suitable for: All levels

Thumbnail - Work Sheet Workings of Parliament

The Workings of Parliament - work sheet

Suitable for: All levels

Thumbnail - Work Sheet Key Terms

Parliamentary Terms - work sheet

Suitable for: All levels

Thumbnail - Work Sheet Key Terms

People in Parliament Crossword - work sheet

Suitable for: All levels

Thumbnail - Presentation, Parliament and Government in Queensland

Introduction to Parliament and Government - powerpoint

Suitable for: All levels

Thumbnail - Flowchart Separation of Powers

Separation of Power in Queensland - flow chart

Suitable for: Secondary

Three levels of government

Three Levels of Government - work sheet

Suitable for: All levels

Three levels of government answers

Three Levels of Government - answer sheet

Suitable for: All levels