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Budget Process

Before the Parliament can pass legislation involving the appropriation of money it must receive a message from the Governor giving permission for that to occur. The State Budget is usually brought down in June. This is in the form of Appropriation Bills. Following the acknowledgement that a message has been received from the Governor, the Bill is introduced in the usual way. The Treasurer then reads his or her second-reading speech. This is known as the Budget Speech.  

At this stage, the Budget Papers are distributed to Members of Parliament. One Budget Paper sets out the Treasurer’s Budget Speech and the Budget highlights. Another Budget Paper sets out all the various capital works projects that will be receiving funding in the financial year. Each portfolio has its own Ministerial Portfolio Statement, which sets out the amount of money estimated to be spent on the programs of the departments in that portfolio. 

Each of the Ministerial Portfolio Statements is examined by a parliamentary Estimates Committee. Hearings are held in which the relevant Minister, along with the department’s senior public servants, explain the estimated expenditure and the programs. Detailed information about the Estimates Committee Process can be found in the fact sheet in the resources section.   

Thumbnail - How would you spend the budget

How Would You Spend the Budget - work sheet

Suitable for: All levels

Thumbnail - Piechart How Money is Raised

How the Money is Raised and Spent - pie chart of Government income and expenditure

Suitable for: Secondary

Budget Process Flowchart

Budget Process - flow chart

Suitable for: Secondary